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Mahogany furniture began in Ming Dynasty. Its exterior shape is simple and symmetrical, natural color and texture are pleasant. Mahogany mainly adopts the traditional techniques of carving, mortise and tenon, inlay, curve, etc. German scholar g. ecke summed up the three basic principles of mahogany furniture processing in "Chinese rosewood furniture drawing research" as follows: no wood pin is absolutely necessary; no glue is needed where it can be avoided; no lathing, no nails and adhesives are needed in any place.

Tenon mortise structure is the soul of furniture design. Chinese furniture is extensive and profound. The exquisite furniture made by the ancients without a single iron nail has been passed down for hundreds or even thousands of years. It is not loose or scattered. It relies on the ingenious design and reasonable structure of mortise and tenon structure. Mortise and tenon, read as sun Mao, (also known as: mortise and tenon), tenon - Shanmu into the hole. Commonly known as "tenon", also known as "bamboo shoot head".



  • Concealed tenon
    Two boards butt joint at both ends, using dovetail tenon but not exposed, called "hidden tenon" or "stuffy tenon", which is the necessary tenon for making several cases, cases and boxes. The head of Ming and Qing Dynasty chair is not out of the question. There is no need for the joint of the leg and the leg. The tenon is usually dug out with the leg material, and the square mortise and tenon is excavated at the joint part of the chair, so it is named.
  • Brown tenon
    Brown horn tenon is named for its shape like zongzi angle. From three sides, it is a 45 degree oblique line, also known as "triangle and sharp". It is mostly used for frame connection. In addition, there are "four flat" tables in Ming style furniture, whose legs, feet, teeth, panel connections are to use brown mortise and tenon.
  • Shoulder tenon
    There are half straight tenon at the top of the legs and feet, which are connected with the mortise and socket on the large side of the table surface; the front face of the upper end of the legs and feet is also made with angular oblique shoulders; the front face of the tooth plate is also carved with grooves of the same size and depth as the inclined shoulder; during assembly, the diagonal shoulder is embedded between the teeth and the legs to form a flat surface; when the panel is loaded, the dental plate is also under pressure, However, the pressure can be transmitted to the four legs and feet through the oblique shoulders on the legs and feet.
  • Dragon Phoenix tenon
    A section of the thin plate is planed out into a long tenon with a section of half a silver ingot shape, and then the adjacent thin plate is cut into a slot at the lower part and the upper part is small. The two plates are assembled by pushing and inserting method, so that they can not be pulled apart from the horizontal direction. After splicing and gluing, a small upper notch (band opening) is opened on it, and a wooden strip with trapezoidal tenon on one side is inserted inside. The trapezoidal tenon is slightly wider on one side and narrower on the other side. In order to make it tight, the long tenon is pushed from the wide side to the narrow side. Wear two sides of the belt, reserved as mortise and tenon, will not be wide enough to add money, add Sheng block wear joint, connected as a whole.
  • Leg binding tenon
    The joint of round legs is generally higher than that of legs, and the two legs intersect at the corner of legs to wrap up the legs. At the intersection of the leg and the two legs, cut into a square so as to embed the leg; the outer skin of the end of the leg is cut into a 45 degree angle, intersected with the adjacent chengge angle, wrapped with the skin and tenon, and put into the mortise and tenon of the leg. It is mainly used for furniture and round legs.
  • Wedge tenon
    It is used to connect the round stick like and curved furniture parts, such as the tenon and mortise structure of round armrest. Although it is also two round sticks each half, for palm type lap, but the front end of each half tenon, there is a small step like tenon, which can be inserted into the groove on the other. This prevents the connector from moving up and down. Chisel a square hole with a slightly larger end in the middle of the connecting part, and then make a long square wedge with such a large pyramid shape. After inserting, the two small straight tenons will not come out before and after. Wedge pin tenon is mostly used to make armrest and round furniture.

All rights reserved Yue ICP B No. 15013601 technical support: Mahogany furniture